- General information
- Types of candles used for prostatitis
- Candles based on natural ingredients
- With propolis
- With peptides
- With ichthyol
- Anti-inflammatory candles
- Antibiotic Candles
- Immunomodulating candles
The prostate gland is located near the rectum, therefore, for various types of prostatitis, rectal suppositories are often included in the treatment regimen. This dosage form is represented by a wide range of drugs. However, even candles prescribed by a doctor are often poorly tolerated by patients, so their selection is largely based on the individual response of the body.
The main advantage of candles is targeted and quick drug delivery to prostate tissues. Active substances do not irritate the stomach, do not collapse under the influence of digestive juices. With rectal administration of the drug there is no effect of the first entry. This means that the drug enters the systemic circulation without the filtration barrier of the liver, so its bioavailability increases significantly.
Some doctors are skeptical about the use of candles in the treatment of prostatitis, considering that the permeability of the intestinal wall is insufficient. But there is a number of scientific studies confirming the penetration of active ingredients into the prostate tissue with rectal administration of the drug.
In the manufacture of suppositories take into account the conditions of release and absorption of active substances. Non-reactive fatty bases with a low melting point (coconut oil, petrolatum, cocoa butter, lanolin) are used as carriers. The candle should completely melt in the rectum in 15-20 minutes.
General recommendations for use :
- it is better to introduce a candle after a bowel movement or microclysters into the released intestine;
- depth of injection – about the length of the index finger;
- after the procedure, you must take a horizontal position for 20-30 minutes.
The introduction of candles in the untreated intestine often provokes diarrhea, impairs the absorbability of the drug. Microclysters provide a uniform distribution of the active substance and its complete absorption.
The use of rectal suppositories is contraindicated if there are ulcerative lesions of the rectum, inflammation of its mucous membrane (proctitis), swelling, and neoplasms.
Types of candles used for prostatitis
The effect of suppositories prescribed for prostatitis is aimed at alleviating the symptoms of inflammation (pain, cramps, difficulty urinating) and fighting it with causes (infections, stagnation). Most suppositories have a complex effect. The active ingredients are chemical compounds, raw materials of animal and vegetable origin, bee products, vitamins and trace elements.
Candles based on natural ingredients
Candles, which are based on raw materials of natural origin, are preparations of mild complex effects. Most of them have an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and immunomodulating effect on the prostate. A number of suppositories of this group can be used as a preventive measure.
Propolis (Oza) is a resinous substance that the bees use to disinfect the honeycomb and seal the hive. There is no consensus about its origin. According to one theory, it is pollen digested by bees, and on the other, gluten from woody buds fermented by their saliva. But the unique healing properties of propolis are indisputable:
- active against most pathogens;
- relieves inflammation, relieves pain;
- enhances the effect of antibiotics;
- interferes with the multiplication of cancer cells;
- activates phagocytosis (the process of destruction of pathogens by immune cells);
- stimulates intestinal motility, relieving constipation (which is important for prostatitis).
Due to the above properties, propolis is actively used in the manufacture of rectal suppositories for prostatitis. These include:
- Gemo Pro (from 350 r.) Additional components: sea buckthorn oil, ginkgo biloba and chestnut essence;
- Prostopin (from 490 p). It also contains cocoa butter, royal jelly, lanolin, mountain honey, pollen, pollen;
- Propolis-D with dimexide (from 330 r);
- Tambukan-Propolis (from 400 r.). Includes buckwheat honey, mud of Tambukan Lake, ginseng, Eleutherococcus, cocoa bean oil, vitamins.
Additional bioactive substances enhance the effects of propolis and extend its therapeutic effect. Fats in the composition of the candles destroy the connection between the components of propolis and translate them into a biologically accessible form. The result of treatment is a reduction in the size of the gland due to the relief of the inflammatory process, the strengthening of local immunity, tissue regeneration. The course of treatment, depending on the form of prostatitis is from 10 to 30 days.
Propolis candles are not suitable for men who are allergic to bee products. Possible reaction in the form of a burning sensation in the anus.
Peptides are special compounds that are responsible for the functionality and protection of the cellular structure of a particular organ. In humans and a number of mammals, some types of these substances are similar. This fact makes it possible to use animal peptides for the production of various drugs. For more than 20 years in official medicine for the treatment of prostatitis, an extract from the prostate gland of sexually mature bulls has been used. It contains peptides that have a point specific effect on the human prostate:
- cell and tissue regeneration by regulating protein synthesis;
- restoration of immunity of the organ at the cellular level;
- normalization of the secretory activity of the gland;
- stabilization of the bladder tone;
- improved blood microcirculation.
Popular candles from prostate based on peptides:
- Prostatilen (from 320 r);
- Prostatilen AC with zinc (from 1700 r);
- Vitaprost Forte (from 828 r);
- Vitaprost plus with the antibiotic lomefloxacin (from 630 r);
- Vitaprost (from 860 r).
The course of treatment lasts 10-15 days. These drugs are prescribed as part of complex therapy for acute prostatitis and to prevent recurrence in chronic.
Candles based on peptides are not recommended for use simultaneously with NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) due to the enhanced effect of the latter.
Ichthyol (ichthammol) is a product of the processing of bituminous shale – lime, clay rocks with a high concentration of the organic component (marine animals, fish). Due to the high content of sulfur and aromatic substances, Ichthyol has a pronounced antiparasitic and antimicrobial effect, normalizes blood circulation, reduces pain symptom.
The course of treatment with rectal candles with ichthyol (price from 75 rubles) is long – about 30 days. After insertion in the anus, there may be a burning sensation that will pass within 20 minutes.
Anti-inflammatory rectal suppositories are made on the basis of chemical compounds: diclofenac sodium, indomethacin, ketoprofen. These substances effectively block inflammatory processes, and not only in the prostate area. They also enter the systemic circulation, affecting the entire body.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of suppositories used for prostatitis:
- Voltaren (from 265 r);
- Indomethacin (from 55 r);
- Diclofenac (from 30 r);
- Ketonal (from 248 r).
Such drugs have a lot of side effects, the main of which are:
- renal dysfunction;
In order to avoid negative reactions, anti-inflammatory suppositories are prescribed in a short course (up to 5 days, by candle per day) and only during exacerbation of prostatitis.
Anti-inflammatory candles are forbidden to use for persons with asthma, allergic rhinitis, ulcers of the stomach and lower intestines.
The most common cause of prostatitis in men of reproductive age are considered to be all sorts of bacterial infections. Rectal suppositories with antibiotics effectively neutralize pathogens, relieving inflammation and spasms of the prostate gland. The most famous drugs in this group include:
- Proktosedil . Contains frabicetin antibiotic, synthetic hormone hydrocortisone, local anesthetics benzocaine and butambene. The average price of the drug from 320 p;
- Sintomycin (from 160 r);
- Rifampicin (200 μl);
- Erythromycin (from 37 r);
- Levomycetin (from 40 r).
The duration of treatment depends on the state of the gland, the phase of the disease, as well as the dynamics of test indicators.
Candles with antibiotics can be used only as prescribed by a physician after determining the exact cause of inflammation of the gland.
Inflamed prostate often causes significant discomfort, which can be temporarily removed with the help of candles with painkillers and antispasmodics:
- Papaverine (from 55 r) and Buscopan (from 349 r). Relieve smooth muscle spasms. Possible side effects of the cardiovascular system, liver dysfunction;
- Novocain (from 58 r). It has an anesthetic effect. Of the side effects: pressure drop, allergies, dizziness;
- Belladonna (belladonna) extract (from 35 r). The active ingredient is a natural alkaloid. The possible reaction in the form of decreased attention, tachycardia, temporary visual impairment, constipation;
- Proktozan with lidocaine (from 300 r). With prolonged use may cause a rash, itching in the anus, exacerbation of hemorrhoids;
- Relief based shark liver: a series of “Advance” (p 384) with benzocaine and “Ultra” (p 435) with hydrocortisone and zinc. They have a decongestant and analgesic effect. Allergic reactions are possible.
These candles are used in the dosage prescribed by the doctor in combination with the medicinal preparations of the main therapy.
Against the background of the inflammatory process, the immune defense of the prostate gland weakens. Cells lose their ability to withstand the effects of pathogens, resulting in the gradual destruction of tissues. Immunomodulatory suppositories are used to restore the cellular protection of the prostate and regenerate its damaged areas:
- Methyluracil (from 40 r) and Galavit (from 820 r). The basis of these suppositories are chemicals that activate immune cells (macrophages and neutrophils). Their task is to neutralize toxins and bacteria, protecting tissues from infectious lesions. Reception also stimulates the production of interferons – proteins synthesized by immune cells in response to the invasion of viruses. Methyluracil course ranges from a week to 4 months (3 candles are administered daily). Treatment with Galavit lasts from 5 to 25 days (by candle per day).
- Genferon (from 265 r). The active substance is interferon alpha 2b. These are specific protein cells that trigger tissue immune responses. Course: 2 candles for 10 days.
- Longidase (from 1500 r). Active substances are hyaluronidase and polyoxidonium. The action is aimed at improving blood microcirculation, reducing the density of connective tissues, increasing the resistance of the cell barrier. Course: a candle every 2 days, just enter 10 pieces.
From side effects from the use of this group of drugs may be a slight burning sensation in the anus, diarrhea, in rare cases, rash.
If the introduction of any type of rectal suppositories in the anus, there is a prolonged itching, burning, pain, then the use of drugs should be immediately stopped to avoid swelling and varicose veins of the rectum.
The choice of candles depends on the type of prostatitis and its causes. Acute bacterial inflammation requires the use of antibiotics and NSAIDs, and suppositories on natural raw materials will help restore damaged gland tissues and strengthen the immune defense.
Among men suffering from chronic prostatitis, there is no consensus about the effectiveness of treatment of one type of candle or another. Each organism responds individually to their active substances. Most patients are inclined in favor of suppositories with peptides (Prostatilen, Vitaprost), since they clearly reduce the symptoms during exacerbations, and there are no side effects in the form of rectal irritation. For the same reasons, many men are satisfied with the effect of Galavit. In order for candle therapy to be as effective and painless as possible, it is important to closely monitor the body’s response to the administration of a drug.