- Harm of beer
- Nonalcoholic beer
- Unfiltered beer benefits and harm
- Beer alcoholism
- Rules of use
Beer is a popular drink in different countries due to its original taste, aroma and low alcohol content. The drink is produced by fermentation of malt – germinated seeds of cereals (barley, rye, wheat, etc.) with the help of beer yeast and the addition of hops.
Nowadays, malt and hops are often replaced by chemicals that allow you to quickly produce and store the product for a long time. Depending on the manufacturer and the varieties, the beer contains ethyl alcohol, carbohydrates, carbon dioxide, various food additives, preservatives to increase shelf life, diacetyl to mask synthetic additives and foam stabilizers. It is also possible to add artificial colors, sugar or saccharin, starch.
In the 60s, cobalt was used as a beer foam stabilizer. After many cases of poisoning, including fatalities, cobalt salts were banned for use in beer making.
Harm of beer
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When drinking large quantities of beer, the negative effect of its components on the body occurs:
A heart. Frequent consumption of large amounts of the drink has a devastating effect on the heart. There are terms such as “beer” or “bullish” heart, “nylon stocking”, when there is a strong increase in the cavities of the heart and thickening of the walls. This occurs through the entry of alcohol into the bloodstream with carbon dioxide, which is saturated with beer. After entering the body, these components fill the blood vessels, expanding their boundaries, which can lead to varicose veins and enlargement of the heart, its laxity and worsening of blood circulation. Men have shortness of breath, fatigue, increased pressure, increases the likelihood of a heart attack by 2 times, compared with non-drinkers.
Liver. May not cope with the processing of harmful components and alcohol contained in beer. This can cause a different type of hepatitis, as well as provoke cirrhosis of the liver.
Obesity. Beer abuse often accumulates fat. There are two reasons for this effect:
- Due to the presence in the drink easily digestible carbohydrates. With a large use of beer there is a load on the digestive organs, and they do not have time to process the contained products in it. The metabolism is disturbed, and fat is accumulated in the subcutaneous tissue.
- Beer stimulates the appetite, which leads to more food intake during or after drinking.
Kidney. Excessive consumption of beer, stimulates the kidneys in the maximum mode for the removal of excess fluid. Useful trace elements, proteins and vitamins are washed out with the products of liquid breakdown through the urine. The kidneys do not have time to cope with the load, they decrease and wrinkle. At the same time, salt builds up in the kidneys and urolithiasis begins.
Stomach. Beer components, especially unnatural additives and carbon dioxide, irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, which often causes a stomach ulcer, bowel and can provoke cancer.
Brain. Alcohol destroys brain cells, impairing brain abilities. Headaches begin, memory lapses occur, decreases in the speed of thinking, decrease in intelligence.
Potency. Beer inhibits the male hormone – testosterone, increasing the production of female. Therefore, beer lovers can often observe breast augmentation, growth of the characteristic beer belly, fat deposition throughout the body, rounding of the shoulders and an increase in shape in the pelvis. In addition to external changes, sexual activity decreases, problems with potency begin, and the quantity and quality of sperm decreases.
Immunity. Against the background of the overall load on the organs that work for processing and removing beer from the body, there is a decrease in the protective properties of the body. Therefore, among beer lovers, even with minor infections, pulmonary edema and cerebral hemorrhage are possible.
The history of non-alcoholic beer began in the 70s of the 20th century. At this time, began to invent beer without alcohol. The reason for this step were numerous car accidents under the influence of alcohol.
Non-alcoholic beer is made by several methods:
- Interrupt fermentation. In the production process, beer is not allowed to reach the last stage, interrupting the fermentation process with the help of cooling.
- Use special yeast. They do not process malt into alcohol during fermentation.
- Dealcoholization of ordinary beer. Alcohol is removed from ordinary beer. It can be a method of heating when alcohol boils and evaporates, or a membrane method.
The main advantage of this beer is that its use of a person absorbs less alcohol, which means that his body does not experience alcohol loads. (In non-alcoholic beer there is a small percentage of alcohol – about 0.5%).
This beer is the lowest calorie of all types of beer. If it is made from high-quality products and in compliance with all the technologies, and no more than a couple of bottles per week are used, then there is a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and improvement of metabolism.
There is a scientific opinion that high-quality beer without alcohol reduces the risk of cancer (malignant tumors).
All studies on the positive properties of beer were carried out laboratory, there are no official conclusions.
In addition to alcohol, all harmful and beneficial substances remain in the drink, therefore, all the shortcomings of alcoholic beer are also non-alcoholic. The frequent use of large quantities of such beer supersaturated the body with preservatives and changes the male hormones. Zero also suppresses testosterone with all the ensuing consequences for the male body.
Unfiltered beer benefits and harm
Filtered is different from unfiltered end-stage production. Both types of beer are made by fermenting malt using beer yeast with the addition of water and hops.
Ordinary beer is filtered to remove the remnants of raw materials and yeast, pasteurized to extend the shelf life. During filtration and heat treatment, many useful components are also lost.
Unfiltered beer is not subjected to such a process, so there remains more flavor and taste in it. Due to the remainder of the yeast in it, the fermentation process can proceed even further, and sediment and yeast flavor may be present in the bottles. Aging occurs in it faster, so unfiltered beer quickly deteriorates.
Despite the greater content of beneficial elements in unfiltered beer compared with the usual, consuming it in large quantities, men experience all of the above negative factors on their bodies.
It is believed that the effect of a light beer bottle is equivalent to a stack of vodka drunk, and four bottles of beer during the day is equivalent to almost half a bottle of vodka. To verify this, you can carry out simple calculations. Alcohol strength is measured in percent by volume. If you take vodka, then in its 100 grams contains 40% pure alcohol, then it eats 40 grams. Strength of common beer 4 – 8% vol., It means that 100 grams of this drink contains from 4 to 8 grams. pure alcohol. When drinking a 0.5 liter beer bottle, 20-40 grams of pure alcohol enters the body. Therefore, a person who drinks beer is subject to the same loads as when drinking strong alcohol. And because of the relatively low alcohol content in beer, it is consumed in large quantities. Due to the presence of carbon dioxide in beer, alcohol instantly dissolves in the blood.
The alcohol content in the drink leads to a gradual addiction to it.
The term “beer alcoholism” does not exist in the official classification of diseases, therefore, it is not used as an official diagnosis.
Heavy intoxication when drinking beer occurs less frequently, but the risk of alcohol addiction is much higher among beer lovers.
There is an opinion that beer alcoholism occurs several times more often than vodka. If every day to drink beer for 3-4 months, in the amount of 1 bottle, there are transformations in the body. Even if you completely give up alcohol, you will need much more time to return the normal functioning of the organs. After regular consumption of beer within six months there is an alcoholic dependence on him.
Rules of use
Conditionally safe norm is considered 1-2 bottles of beer per week.