- What is trichomoniasis
- How can you get infected
Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis) is a common infectious disease that is transmitted during sexual intercourse. The cause of infection is Trichomonas vaginalis, which is the simplest single-celled organism. When infected, organs that perform reproductive and urinary functions become inflamed.
What is trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is a leader in the prevalence of diseases of the genitourinary system, which are transmitted through sexual contact. About 10% of the inhabitants of the planet are infected with trichomoniasis, and each year about 170 million people are registered with this infection.
Trichomonas vaginalis, which is the causative agent of the disease, is a single-celled microorganism 13-40 micrometers long (1 μm = 0.001 mm), which has flagella. Thanks to these flagella, it can move, penetrating into the intercellular spaces.
Trichomonas lives and multiplies in the complete absence of oxygen and a temperature equal to the temperature of the human body. There are also oral and intestinal trichomonads, but trichomoniasis causes only vaginal.
Trichomoniasis for men is dangerous lesion of the urethra, prostate, testicles, seminal vesicles. The danger of this infection lies in the fact that Trichomonas can absorb the bacteria that are the causative agents of other genital infections. When merging with them, the microorganism becomes a protective membrane for infections from the action of drugs. The ability of Trichomonas to move around contributes to the spread of the smallest pathogens that weaken the body, reduce immunity and contribute to infection.
How can you get infected
Urogenital Trichomonas can exist only in the organs of the urogenital system: the urethra, the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles. They die outside the body, especially in a dry environment and heated above 45 degrees. The presence of some time Trichomonas outside the human body in a humid environment, such as towels, washcloths, is allowed. But infection with trichomoniasis by the contact-household method has not been scientifically proven and is being questioned.
Trichomoniasis is transmitted sexually from an infected partner through vaginal contact. With anal and oral sex, infection is unlikely.
The incubation period lasts from one week to a month.
During the incubation period, the disease is asymptomatic.
The disease occurs in several forms:
Fresh , when infection is not more than two months. This form, in turn, can occur in acute, subacute and latent forms.
For the acute form of percolation, the following symptoms and signs are characteristic:
- Frequent, false urination to urinate.
- Feeling of an empty bladder.
- Itching, burning and / or pain in the head of the penis before or after urination.
- Redness and swelling of the foreskin, redness of the glans penis.
- Scanty discharge from the urethra.
In subacute form, the above symptoms fade and become less pronounced.
With a hidden form of symptoms is practically not observed. The infection develops inside the urogenital system and visual examination of the genitals will not bring any results.
The chronic form of the disease occurs after two months of infection. A man can be a carrier of the infection without knowing it. During this period, there are no symptoms, but with immunity disorders, after drinking or after sexual intercourse can occur:
- Slight itching
- Scanty discharge from the urethra.
- With the penetration of bacteria into the prostate, there are symptoms of prostatitis.
If time does not diagnose and do not begin treatment, trichomonads can cause urethritis , cystitis , prostatitis , inflammation of the seminal vesicles.
Studies of cancer centers in different countries indicate the dependence of trichomoniasis disease with the occurrence of prostate cancer.
Treatment is prescribed by a venereologist or urologist on the basis of test results. To diagnose the disease, blood, urine and urethra are analyzed.
Self-medication during infection is unacceptable, as it can lead to serious irreversible consequences.
Due to the asymptomatic course of the disease, treatment must necessarily be carried out by both partners, even if there is a negative analysis in one of them.
During the course of treatment, the use of alcoholic beverages is prohibited, as the drugs used for treatment are not compatible with alcohol.
For the period of treatment, until full recovery, it is desirable to abandon sexual intercourse.
The main drugs used to combat trichomoniasis are metronidazole, tinidazole, nimorazole, ornidazole, ternidazole.
Clinical studies have established the greatest efficacy of ornidazole, ternitrozole and nimorazole .
Treatment of chronic trichomoniasis
To combat the chronic form of trichomoniasis, in addition to one of the above-mentioned drugs, additional drugs are added to the treatment regimen that stimulates and supports the immune system, facilitates the work of the liver and kidneys, which experience additional stresses when using drugs.
It may be:
- Kagocel antimicrobial, antiviral and immunostimulating drug.
- Legalon or Carsil Forte , which have an antitoxic effect, inhibit the penetration of toxins into the liver cells.
If additional diseases were diagnosed, then special drugs are prescribed to eliminate infections.
All drugs are prescribed individually for a specific regimen.
In conjunction with medication , prostate massage may be prescribed to eliminate the external symptoms of the disease.
A week after the end of the course of therapy, control tests are performed for the presence of bacteria. With strict adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen, trichomoniasis is completely cured.
If, after a course of treatment, an infection is detected again, the reason for this is the reinfection of Trichomonas from a sexual partner in 90% of cases.
In this case, you need to undergo a new course of treatment prescribed by the attending physician, taking into account possible complications, as a rule, in the form of chronic prostatitis.
Read: Is it possible to cure chronic prostatitis
Disease prevention is the use of condoms during sexual intercourse, the exclusion of casual sex and timely examination.